Montana Crypto Mining Bill Passes House, Headed to Governor’s Desk

The Montana state Senate also passed the same bill back in February


Mark Agnor/Shutterstock modified by Blockworks


The Montana House of Representatives passed a crypto miner-friendly bill Wednesday. It is now headed to Governor Greg Gianforte’s desk for final ratification.

The bill, which is intended to protect all types of digital asset miners, including those who mine within their homes, passed 64-35 in its third House reading. The amended version of the legislation, sponsored by Republican State Sen. Daniel Zolnikov, passed the Senate in February. 

Zolnikov was optimistic about the bill getting signed. 

“Bitcoin miners have been facing discrimination at the local level both in Montana and in other states like North Carolina,” Zolnikov told Blockworks. “With this legislation set to become law, Montana can guarantee miners can do business in the state and create many of the rural jobs and opportunities that we need.

The bill establishes a “right to mine digital assets,” meaning industrial miners and at-home miners are entitled to conduct their business free from government interference. Once signed into law, miners will be able to proceed with operations as they please, as long as they adhere to already-existing noise ordinances in residential areas, the bill states. 

The bill also prohibits electricity providers from charging any “discriminatory rates” to industrial or at-home miners. Additionally, if the bill passes into law, state and local authorities will not be able to levy additional taxes on people using crypto as a form of payment. 

Bill proponents took to Twitter to thank the Satoshi Act Fund, a nonprofit that educates lawmakers on Bitcoin, for its work in getting the bill in Montana to the governor. 

Loading Tweet..

The fund’s CEO Dennis Porter testified in favor of the bill in early March. 

Loading Tweet..

Porter told Blockworks that he applauds Zolnikov and Montana for standing up for “bitcoin miners who have been discriminated against by jurisdictions across the USA.”

“Montana is planting a flag in the ground and letting the industry and the nation know that they want to benefit from the jobs, local investment, grid stability, and energy enhancements that Bitcoin mining has to offer,” he added.

A similar bill passed in the Missouri House Committee in early March, which sought to protect corporate mining businesses and at-home miners. 

In New York, the future for digital asset mining is far more murky. The Clean Air Coalition of Western New York and the Sierra Club sued the state agency responsible for allowing a proof of work cryptocurrency mining operation. 

Updated April 2023 at 2:01 pm ET: Added quotes from Republican State Sen. Daniel Zolnikov and Satoshi Act Fund CEO Dennis Porter

Start your day with top crypto insights from David Canellis and Katherine Ross. Subscribe to the Empire newsletter.

Explore the growing intersection between crypto, macroeconomics, policy and finance with Ben Strack, Casey Wagner and Felix Jauvin. Subscribe to the On the Margin newsletter.

The Lightspeed newsletter is all things Solana, in your inbox, every day. Subscribe to daily Solana news from Jack Kubinec and Jeff Albus.


Upcoming Events

Salt Lake City, UT

MON - TUES, OCT. 7 - 8, 2023

Blockworks and Bankless in collaboration with buidlbox are excited to announce the second installment of the Permissionless Hackathon – taking place October 7-8 in Salt Lake City, Utah. We’ve partnered with buidlbox to bring together the brightest minds in crypto for […]

Salt Lake City, UT

WED - FRI, OCTOBER 9 - 11, 2024

Pack your bags, anon — we’re heading west! Join us in the beautiful Salt Lake City for the third installment of Permissionless. Come for the alpha, stay for the fresh air. Permissionless III promises unforgettable panels, killer networking opportunities, and mountains […]

recent research

Unlocked by Template.png


With the spot ETH ETF approval, the institutions are coming. stETH - given its dominance in marketshare, existing liquid market structures, and highly desirable properties - is poised for institutions.


Plus, the rise of RWAs could bring about a significant shift in how real-world investments are managed and accessed


The distributed cell plan provider started selling its own hotspots in October 2023


The Brazil-based asset manager’s filing comes during a year of milestone bitcoin and ether fund approvals


The purchase of five sites in Georgia set to help CleanSpark hit its mid-year operating hash rate target of 20 EH/s


Plus, it’s beginning to look like we may be in for a cruel summer



Engaging with XDC provides access to cutting-edge financial tools and places investors at the forefront of the trade finance revolution