7 Critical Events in the Celsius Bankruptcy Case

Two months after Celsius initiated bankruptcy proceedings, we rounded up some striking events that followed its collapse


Source: Shutterstock


key takeaways

  • Creditors, including retails depositors, still don’t know how much of their assets they can recover, and when
  • Celsius struggles to balance operating its remaining businesses, grappling with legal battles and trying to refund customers

Cryptocurrency lender Celsius filed for bankruptcy in July after a month-long battle with insolvency issues — leaving the once high-flying firm with roughly $3 billion in liabilities.

The lender’s woes led to extreme fear and uncertainty around the stability of the crypto market as customers weren’t sure whether they’d ever again see their crypto deposits that were locked in the platform.

Celsius, born just five years ago in 2017, issued depositors interest on their digital assets and offered crypto lending programs. The best thing about the platform, users believed, was that it helped earn high rewards on bitcoin deposits. 

It became a top choice after interest in crypto lending — basically banking for the crypto world — exploded in the past two years, along with decentralized finance platforms. Now it has 100,000 creditors, some of whom lent the firm cash without any collateral to secure obligations. 

Even billionaire Sam Bankman Fried’s trading firm, Alameda Research, is listed as one of the lender’s top 50 unsecured creditors.

Celsius’ downfall showed the risks of similar platforms that allow customers’ deposits to be transferred to parties without much underwriting, and showed overly high returns are more of a gamble than a genuine yield.

Below are seven significant events in the aftermath of Celsius’ bankruptcy:

1. Investors plead with bankruptcy court to recover their money

Many of Celsius’ 1.7 million customers suffering from the platform’s collapse wrote letters to the Southern District of New York Court to help get their money back. 

In a letter dated Aug. 1, Christian Ostheimer wrote that he has more than $30,000 in funds locked with the lender, which led to “unsurmountable tax complications.” 

California resident Stephen Bralver wrote he had less than $1,000 left in his Wells Fargo checking account — his only source of funds to provide for his family. “There is absolutely no way that I can continue to provide without access to my assets at Celsius,” he said, citing California’s high cost of living.

2. Celsius flip-flops on rehiring ex-CFO

The lender filed a motion to hire former CFO Rod Bolger in order to advise its bankruptcy proceedings because of his “familiarity” with the business. Had Bolger come on board, he would’ve been paid roughly $93,000 a month, at a time when the company’s creditors were still waiting to be paid. That plan was later reverted for no clear reason, but followed a formal objection from investor Keith Suckno. 

3. Vague game plan for bitcoin mining revenue unveiled

Celsius was keen on using its bitcoin mining business to help in its restructuring. But both creditors and regulators were firmly against the company being allowed to go ahead. Dan Besikof, bankruptcy advisor at law firm Loeb & Loeb, told Blockworks that Celsius wasn’t specific about what it plans to do with the proceeds from the business — and so it “could monetize the coins and use the proceeds in any number of ways.”

4. Court approves Celsius’ plan to sell mined bitcoin — with reservations

Even though the plan was such a contentious issue, with the Department of Justice arguing that Celsius’ case wasn’t transparent enough, US bankruptcy judge Martin Glenn gave the lender clearance to mine and sell bitcoin to support its operations. He did express concern, however, that the business wouldn’t be immediately profitable, noting it may be a “very wrong” choice.

5. Celsius, sued by a former money manager, opts to countersue

DeFi startup KeyFi filed a lawsuit against Celsius in July, before the bankruptcy, over allegations of running a Ponzi scheme and failing to honor a profit-sharing agreement. Celsius responded with a counterclaim in August, arguing that KeyFi and CEO Jason Stone swindled millions of dollars in cryptocurrencies from the firm. Controversial crypto lawyer Kyle Roche, representing KeyFi, said Celsius used the opportunity “as a scapegoat for their organizational incompetence.”

6. Cash projected to run out by October

Estimates filed by law firm Kirkland & Ellis on August 14 show the lender had $3.8 billion in token assets as of July 29. But its finances could dry up by October due to operating expenses, including employee payments worth nearly $14 million. Restructuring expenses, by itself, will cost the firm close to $40 million. Yet, a more recent filing shows the lender expects to receive a $70 million cash injection from the repayment of USD-denominated loans.

7. Motion to return $50 million of locked crypto

On Sept. 1, Celsius filed a motion to return about $50 million of the more than $200 million trapped in custody accounts. But the company said it would only refund users with funds in the “Custody and Withhold” accounts — not with the “Earn” program — as these accounts are likely not “property of the estate.” 

Property of the estate in bankruptcy refers to assets belonging to the debtor.

Start your day with top crypto insights from David Canellis and Katherine Ross. Subscribe to the Empire newsletter.

The Lightspeed newsletter is all things Solana, in your inbox, every day. Subscribe to daily Solana news from Jack Kubinec and Jeff Albus.


Upcoming Events

Salt Lake City, UT

MON - TUES, OCT. 7 - 8, 2023

Blockworks and Bankless in collaboration with buidlbox are excited to announce the second installment of the Permissionless Hackathon – taking place October 7-8 in Salt Lake City, Utah. We’ve partnered with buidlbox to bring together the brightest minds in crypto for […]

Salt Lake City, UT

WED - FRI, OCTOBER 9 - 11, 2024

Pack your bags, anon — we’re heading west! Join us in the beautiful Salt Lake City for the third installment of Permissionless. Come for the alpha, stay for the fresh air. Permissionless III promises unforgettable panels, killer networking opportunities, and mountains […]

recent research

Research Report Cover Vertex.jpg


The proliferation of new perp DEXs has led to fragmented liquidity across various DEXs and chains. Vertex, known for its vertically-integrated DEX that includes spot, perpetual, and integrated money markets, is now tackling cross-chain liquidity fragmentation through horizontal integration with the launch of new Edge instances. Vertex's integrated offerings and cross-margined account structure amplify the benefits of new instances: native cross-chain spot trading, optimized cross-chain basis trading, consistent interest rates, reduced bridging friction, and more.


Partnering with EtherFi and Angle, the fully on-chain perp DEX features bespoke collateral



Gavin Wood introduced the next evolutionary step for the Polkadot network: the Join-Accumulate Machine, or JAM


The side events were the places to be at Consensus 2024, according to attendees


Also, who’s come out swinging in the spot ether ETF fee war — and who could undercut them


I know it is not in their nature, but US regulators could learn a lot by researching the digital asset frameworks that overseas regulators have already gotten right


Also, the ETF hype train can count out at least one member