Crypto crackdown got you down? Historian Rosenthal says we’ll ‘get it right’ — eventually

Looking back, it was “obviously the wrong thing to do,” he says, “but that’s what we do”


andameonescu/Shutterstock modified by Blockworks


In a 1911 speech, Nicholas Murray Butler said “the limited liability corporation is the greatest single discovery of modern times.”

“Even steam and electricity are far less important than the limited liability corporation,” he exclaimed, “and they would be reduced to comparative impotence without it.”

There was a time not long before Butler’s famous speech that the notion of limited liability — a cornerstone of modern capitalism — was considered highly immoral. 

It was thought to be “the end of economics” that would “undo the Renaissance” and destroy “the spirit of capitalism,” Josh Rosenthal, PhD says.

The historian, co-founder and partner at The 6ixth Event spoke to Blockworks on the Empire podcast (Spotify / Apple) about the centuries-old cycle of economic innovation and inevitable backlash, now taking place in the crypto industry.

The ideas of limited liability companies and fractional equity were once perceived as social evils, Rosenthal explains. 

Prior to their inception, the average person was “locked out of opportunities.” Governing powers of the era enforced bans on what was an early form of decentralized finance, Rosenthal says. 

“That eventually went on to become our stock market: the Dow, the Nasdaq, 401k’s — the modern financial system,” he says.

The initial reaction from government institutions, he says, “was to try to ban the limited liability company [and] fractionalized equity.”

‘Protecting the consumer’

The argument against financial innovations remains a dismissive chorus today: “Who needs it?

“When that didn’t work,” he says, federal powers used another familiar ploy: “they tried to decide who could buy what, under the guise of protecting the consumer.”

A great example in more recent times, Rosenthal says, was Apple’s IPO. The government of Massachusetts decided to “protect consumers” from purchasing the stock, deemed “too risky” for “high-fliers that don’t have solid earnings foundations.” 

A thousand dollars in Apple at the time would be worth anywhere between a million and a million and a half dollars today, Rosenthal says.

Looking back, it was “obviously the wrong thing to do,” he says, “but that’s what we do.”

“We ban the class and then we ban assets therein.”

Different playbooks

Beginning in the 90’s, regulatory policies in the UK diverged from America’s approach to the financial realm, Rosenthal says. “The UK’s rise as a global financial system is largely a function of us being unwilling to deregulate in the way that they did.”

“This is trillions of dollars, which we opted not to participate in.”

The lesson to be learned is “if you don’t participate in this,” Rosenthal warns, “someone else globally will.”

The “crypto playbook” that the UK is following now is based on what worked for them in the nineties, he says.

The innovation of encryption, Rosenthal says, is a more recent example of the phenomenon. “Despite creating the internet, we tried to ban a major use of it.”

“We tried to ban the tech that became the basis for privacy for your iPhone, for credit card payment, for online payments. We tried to ban what would become e-commerce — $5.2 trillion in the US alone each year.”

Ultimately, the strategy failed, Rosenthal says. “If the US was going to ban online payment and encryption,” he says, “other companies were doing it.”

The regulation was “walked back through Congress,” Rosenthal explains, because other countries were using the technology effectively, resulting in generative economic creation. “It created more than they otherwise thought was possible.”

“We didn’t want to lose out on that.”

Eventually, “we got it right,” Rosenthal says, but it was “a fight.”

This is just how we do it

In the current regulatory conflicts in crypto, Rosenthal sees echoes of past regulatory behavior, from the Holy Roman Empire to British Imperialism and on through to twentieth century America. “It’s very similar to what [we’ve been doing] over these past 80 years.”

“This is just how we do it.”

“If you think about the Renaissance,” Empire podcast host Yanowitz says, “they were right to think that governance from the bottom would be chaos.”

“Oftentimes, it was,” he says. “But at the end of the day, it was this massive transformation of society that was a net benefit.”

The SEC’s familiar “tagline” is “protecting consumers,” he says.

“It’s a combination of fear of chaos and just something that they can’t control” followed by “an inability to understand the magnitude and the size that this can get.”

“Our model isn’t perfect,” Rosenthal says. “It always falters initially. This is what we do. It’s expected.”

“The bet is that we get it right.”

Start your day with top crypto insights from David Canellis and Katherine Ross. Subscribe to the Empire newsletter.

Explore the growing intersection between crypto, macroeconomics, policy and finance with Ben Strack, Casey Wagner and Felix Jauvin. Subscribe to the On the Margin newsletter.

The Lightspeed newsletter is all things Solana, in your inbox, every day. Subscribe to daily Solana news from Jack Kubinec and Jeff Albus.


Upcoming Events

Salt Lake City, UT

MON - TUES, OCT. 7 - 8, 2024

Blockworks and Bankless in collaboration with buidlbox are excited to announce the second installment of the Permissionless Hackathon – taking place October 7-8 in Salt Lake City, Utah. We’ve partnered with buidlbox to bring together the brightest minds in crypto for […]

Salt Lake City, UT

WED - FRI, OCTOBER 9 - 11, 2024

Pack your bags, anon — we’re heading west! Join us in the beautiful Salt Lake City for the third installment of Permissionless. Come for the alpha, stay for the fresh air. Permissionless III promises unforgettable panels, killer networking opportunities, and mountains […]

recent research

Unlocked by Template.png


With the spot ETH ETF approval, the institutions are coming. stETH - given its dominance in marketshare, existing liquid market structures, and highly desirable properties - is poised for institutions.


NVIDIA’s historic run is only deepening the divide between mega-cap tech stocks and the rest of the market.


EIP-7702 was quickly adopted for the next Ethereum upgrade, but developers haven’t quite locked it down


Marathon Digital’s latest heating project in Finland part of broader vision to “drive the advancement of the digital asset compute industry,” CEO says


MicroStrategy announced that it bought nearly 12,000 more bitcoin from April to late June


Unpacking Trump memecoins and the Kraken/CertiK situation