North Korea’s Lazarus Hackers Try to Exfiltrate Harmony Funds
The notorious cybercrime group used Ethereum-based Railgun to anonymize their movements, but exchanges froze some assets
Source: Shutterstock / BeeBright, modified by Blockworks
North Korean hacker group Lazarus made attempts to move funds worth $63 million that were stolen from last year’s Harmony bridge hack, but the crypto exchanges used for the process claim its transfers have been blocked.
Blockchain sleuth ZachXBT shared on Twitter that the group moved some 41,000 ETH over the weekend using Ethereum-based Railgun, a smart contract that keeps user identities private, to exchanges Binance, OKX and Huobi. The transactions were carried out between Jan. 13 and 14.
ZachXBT also shared over 350 addresses associated with the hacker group.
Binance CEO Changpeng Zhao tweeted that the exchange has previously detected the hacker’s fund movement, and that it coordinated with Huobi in freezing the accounts. They also together managed to recover 124 bitcoin ($2.6 million), according to Zhao, implying that some of the stolen ether was swapped for bitcoin.
Harmony’s Horizon bridge was one of the biggest hacks of last year. It allows users to move their cryptoassets via cross-chain transfers between Ethereum, Binance Smart Chain and Harmony blockchains. The bridge was exploited in June 2022 for $100 million, with the proceeds initially moved via now-OFAC-sanctioned Tornado Cash.
Blockchain analytics firm Elliptic said that different types of cryptoassets were stolen including ETH, BNB, USDT, USDC and Dai. After the theft, the hacker used different types of decentralized exchanges to swap the tokens for ETH, which is a “common technique utilized by DeFi hackers,” the firm added.
The total amount of funds lost to hacks in 2022 amounted to $4.3 billion of cryptocurrency, representing a 37% jump from 2021. Smart contract vulnerabilities that lead to malicious exploits remain among the most pressing threats that need to be solved in 2023.
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